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Glossary

By entering a keyword, all words will appear which have the keyword in its description.

To find the meaning of a particular word, click on the first letter of the word in the A-Z list below. By clicking on a particular word, all areas of the site which have this word are displayed.

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Maasai:

A group of African people who live in Kenya and Tanzania.

Madrasas:

Religious schools

Mallory, George (1886-1924):

Mallory is famous for saying that he wanted to climb Mount Everest simply ‘because it is there’. George Mallory was the first to attempt to climb Mount Everest in 1921. He later disappeared on another attempt, in June 1924. Mallory’s frozen body was discovered in 1999 at 8,170 metres (26,800 feet), under 700 metres below the summit.

Migration :

The movement of people from one place to another to live or to work.

Minerals:

Made naturally in the earth and taken out by mining, for example, gold, diamonds, coal

Missionary:

A person who travels to another country to spread a religious faith.

Molten:

Melted

Monsoon:

This term is used to describe the seasonal reversal in pressure that leads to a change in the wind direction. It is usually associated with the wet season brought by moist monsoon winds to sub-tropical regions such as India. Monsoon winds can also bring long periods of dry weather.

Mount Everest:

With its summit standing at 8,848 metres (29,035 feet), Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world and the pinnacle of mountaineering. The mountain was named after the famous Surveyor-General of India, Sir George Everest in the nineteenth century. It sits in the famous Asian mountain range of the Himalaya. Mount Everest is an example of a mountain altered by the process of glaciation. It’s summit is a typical pyramidal peak which is surrounded by glaciers on all sides. The most well known of these is the Khumbu glacier which has helped create the Western Cwm and Khumbu Icefall The first expedition to climb Mount Everest was led by George Mallory in 1921. He was later to disappear on the mountain, along with Andrew Irvine, in 1924. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first explorers to complete a successful climb of Everest, in May 1953. They took the legendary Southern Col route. Between 1953 and 1992 over 485 ascents were made on Everest with the total loss of over 115 lives.

Mujahadin:

Fighters in a holy war