You are here: Home | Glossary

Teacher's Area

Glossary

By entering a keyword, all words will appear which have the keyword in its description.

To find the meaning of a particular word, click on the first letter of the word in the A-Z list below. By clicking on a particular word, all areas of the site which have this word are displayed.

.
Browse by letter:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Economically active population:

The Economically Active Population is the amount of people in employment in a certain area. Their jobs add wealth to the economy of a country. The economically active population is expressed as a percentage of the total population.

Ecosystem :

All the living (plants, animals, microorganisms) and non living (climate and physical conditions) things in an area functioning together.

Ecotourism:

Tourism planned to respect and safeguard the environment, based on the natural attractions of an area and aware of the concept of sustainable development of fragile ecosystems.

Ecotourism:

Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and sustains the well-being of local people

Emancipation:

Emancipation is when people are set free from slavery or social or political restraint. For example, the emancipation of African Slaves between 1833 and 1865. This gave slaves back their freedom and individual rights.

Emigrate:

Leave your own country to go and live in another

Endangered species:

plant and animal species with population numbers so reduced (often by human activities) that their future existence seems uncertain.

Environment:

That which surrounds, the sum total of the conditions of the surroundings in which an organism, or group, or an object, exists (including the natural conditions, the natural as modified by human activity, and the artificial).

Environmental Footprint :

The impact of human resource consumption on the earth's environmental capacity.

Equator:

An imaginary line around the earth which is an equal distance from the North and South Poles

Erosion:

wearing away of the earth's surface by action of water, wind.

Escarpment:

Steep walls on the sides of a valley.

Evans, Sir Charles (1918-1995):

Sir Charles Evans was the deputy leader of the 1953 Everest Expedition. During the Expedition, he made the first attempt on the summit with Tom Bourdillon. However, the pair only reached the South Summit and were forced to retreat by bad weather. Charles Evans is also credited for pioneering new mountaineering routes in the Alps and the Himalaya.

Everest, Sir George (1790-1866):

Sir George Everest was a surveyor. He was in charge of The Great Trigonometrical Survey in 1823. He was later the Surveyor-General of India between 1830 and 1843. Everest was interested in measuring the curvature of the earth. He became famous for measuring the longest ever arc of the meridian. In 1865, a year before he died, ‘Mount Everest’ was officially accepted by The Royal Geographical Society as the name for the highest peak in the world.

Exploration:

European explorers who went to unknown places for different reasons; to find out about the place, to map the land, to spread religion, to look for wealth, to open up trade routes

Explorer:

A person who travels through a country to learn about it.

Export:

Send items abroad to be sold.

Extinct:

Not existing anymore; not active.